Terra Environment Dictionary — K

Terra Environment Dictionary is a resource of words, terms and phrases related to environmentalism, as defined by society.

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kelp

noun
Large brown macroalgae seaweeds of the order Laminariales. Kelp grow 30 times faster than land trees, at 45cm a day, up to lifetime heights of 45m. Kelp forests play an important role as marine carbon sinks, and can also reduce ocean acidification as they draw carbon dioxide out of the waters. Saltwater marine plants like kelp, mangroves and seagrass can absorb 20 times more carbon than land forests as well.

Kyoto Protocol

noun
An international treaty attached to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, which was signed by 84 countries at Kyoto and set legally binding commitments to reduce their combined greenhouse gas emissions by 5.2 percent below 1990 levels.
The Kyoto Protocol was signed in 1997, did not come into force until 2005, started in 2008 and ended in 2012. Between 1990 and 2010, global emissions increased by 32 percent.
A second commitment period, known as the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol, was agreed in 2012 and is due to end in 2020. As of January 2020, the Doha Amendment has not come into force, as only 136 out of 192 parties have ratified it—144 parties (three-fourths of 192) are required to bring the Amendment into force. It has since been succeeded by the Paris Agreement from 2016.

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